In 2016, 1 884 players were operating in the electricity market of Lithuania: 1 835 of them were producers of electricity, 1 entity operating the transmission network by the proprietary right, 6 entities operating the distribution networks, 5 entities performing the public supply function. Moreover, in 2016 there were 37 independent suppliers operating in the electricity market, which held the issued licenses/permits, and 19 of them were active.
Since 2012, the activity of the independent electricity supply is regulated by the permits which are issued by the NERC (before that – by the licenses).
In 2016 the electricity consumption in Lithuania equaled 12,9 TWh. Lithuania imports the major part of the consumed electricity – in 2016 the imported electricity quantity was 10,10 TWh.
Figure 1. Electricity balance in the country in 2008-2016, TWh
Lithuania produces 30,8 percent of the demanded electricity quantity – in 2016 the quantity of produced electricity equaled 3,97 TWh (where 50,9 percent – the electricity quantity produced in the power plants using the renewable energy resources (RES), 34,8 percent – produced from fossil fuel, 14,3 percent – the electricity quantity produced in Kruonis Hydro Pumped Storage Power Plant).
Figure 2. Balance of electricity production in 2008-2016, TWh
The biggest part of the electricity produced and imported in Lithuania is consumed by industrial customers, and approx. 26,5 percent of the consumed electricity is assigned to household customers.
The revenues earned by the transmission system operator Litgrid AB from the transmission system operation were as high as EUR 148,4 million. In 2016, the operating income of the distribution network operator AB „Energijos skirstymo operatorius“, which holds the biggest share of the distribution market, equaled EUR 210,3 million, the revenues earned from the public supply activity – EUR 5,3 million.
In 2016, the investments in the infrastructure of the electricity transmission and distribution networks totaled EUR 155,7 million: EUR 23,6 million were the investments in the transmission network, EUR 76,4 million – in the distribution network.